The biological models of abnormality

It therefore covers a much larger range of conditions than just mental health disorders. Whenever symptoms are treated without any attempt to ascertain the deeper underlying problems, then the problem will only manifest itself in another way, through different symptoms.

Mental illness could, in some cases at least, be treated. How can we diagnose specific mental illnesses. The underlying assumption of this model is that mental illnesses resemble physical illnesses and can therefore be diagnosed and treated in a similar way.

Comparing identical twins with non-identical twins for rates of heritability can help answer the nature-nurture question.


However it encourages them to become passive and dependent and to hand over control of their lives to the expert. The individual is an active processor of information. However, the psychoanalytic model has been criticized because it is not verifiable, because it gives complex explanations when simple and straightforward ones are sufficient, because it cannot be proven wrong lacks disconfirmabilityand because it was based mainly on a relatively small number of upper-middle-class European patients and on Freud himself.

Write a commentary on the effectiveness of the biological model as an explanation for abnormality. S ee this link for more.

Although it does not deal with the cause of the problem directly, it does attempt to change the situation more broadly than the behavioural model. There is much evidence of maladaptive thought processes in people with psychological disorders This model promotes psychological well being by teaching people the means of control over their own lives On the other hand, weaknesses of the cognitive model: All of these points question the validity of any definition of abnormality.

Example A patient suffering from a depressed mood after failing a driving test may be having negative thoughts not only about that specific failure but may be generalising those to other areas of her life.


So with this therapy, it is the psychiatrist's job to question and change the irrational thoughts. Though similar in ways to the behavioural model, psychiatrists of this model use differing methods for cures. The biological medical model The medical of abnormality model has dominated the psychiatric profession since the last century.

This applies to abnormal behaviour as well, so a psychological condition is simply a learned response to a particular set of environmental stimuli. Understanding mental illness involves understanding what has gone wrong with the brain Mental illness can be understood and therefore treated by understanding how the brain functions normally, and how abnormal brain function can cause abnormal behaviour.

Also, the difference between physical and mental illness is that diagnosis of physical illness can normally relate to the causes of the problem known as aetiology. According to Carl Rogers and other leading figures in this movement, people are rational beings, able to make their own choices, and are motivated toward a state of fulfilment.

This could be corrected by prescribing drugs to restore the balance, or in severe cases ECT electro convulsive therapy. For example, anorexia may only occur in Western countries, so may be a culture-bound disorder.

Behaviourists believe that all behaviour good or bad is learned through our interaction with the environment. Its assumptions were that behaviour is primarily the result of the environment rather then genetics or instincts and so the behaviourists reject the view that abnormal behaviour has a biological basis.

The absence of this criterion of ideal mental health hardly indicates he is suffering from a mental disorder.

Listen to this podcast to take your understanding further. But it can also be treated by therapies based on modelling for example a person with a snake phobia might learn from watching a person handle snakes.

Our society can also provide deviant maladaptive models that children identify with and imitate re:. The Biological Model of Abnormality - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives.

Learn about the physiological and genetic causes for mental illnesses, the parts of the brain and endocrine system. The biological model of abnormality says that psychological disorders are a result of biological issues. According to this model, Percy's depression might be caused by a chemical imbalance in his.

Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" compared to the members of a given society. Medical / Biological. Culture and Abnormality Abnormal Psychology Models Summary What has neuroscience ever done for us?

Models of abnormality

The biological model of abnormality says that psychological disorders are a result of biological issues. According to this model, Percy's depression might be caused by a chemical imbalance in his.

Today, there are four main psychological models of abnormality: psychoanalytic, behavioral, humanistic, and cognitive.

biological and genetic factors, and situational influences. Further, contrary to the optimistic self-actualizing view of people, much of human history has been marked by wars, violence, and individual repression.

The biological (medical) model of abnormality makes the assumption that psychological and behavioural abnormalities have biological causes. In other words, things go wrong with behaviour and experience, because something has gone wrong with the brain. Possible Biological Causes of Abnormality.

The biological models of abnormality
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Biological model of abnormality - A level psychology - Psychteacher